Beekeeping and honey production in Pakistan are environmentally friendly non-agricultural enterprises with huge potential for various economic benefits in Pakistan, but unfortunately this sector is underdeveloped due to a combination of several factors, including plants damaged by pesticides, the use of modern technologies and lack of certification, which led to a decline in production over past few years.
In Pakistan, each beekeeper produced an average of 11.7 pounds of honey in 2019, compared with an average of 20.6 pounds worldwide. Taking into account all the interests of the sector, the government carried out an exclusive analysis to develop a mechanism to improve the quality of honey produced, the standard of living of the beekeeper and the sustainability of his activities with financial resources.
Under the Prime Minister’s 10 billion tree tsunami program, about 10,000 beekeepers are expected to use 300,000 hives to produce 7,500 tons of honey per year.
With modern beekeeping equipment, training in the latest techniques, product standardization and certification, and extensive marketing, production capacity can be increased to produce 70,000 tonnes of honey from the same crop.
Pakistan is home to four different types of bees, three of which are native to Pakistan and one is western. Apis Dorsata, Apis Cerana and Apis Florea are native species found in several biological regions throughout the country, while Apis Mellifera is a western species.
About 7000 beekeepers keep Apis Mellifera in modern hives. Pakistan expects to earn 35-43 billion rupees (about $ 250million) and create more than 87,000 environmental friendly jobs through the sale of 70,000 tons of honey. The Green countryside and bee vegetation offer ideal opportunities for expanding beekeeping in Punjab and KPK.
The hives can contain over 1,000,000 colonies and are found in all provinces including the North, FATA and AJK regions. With the growth of beekeeping, more and more people are switching to sole proprietorships to supplement their income. Honey production is planned in places with a large number of wild farms and agricultural holdings.
Chinese Bee keeping methods are considered most productive and high yielding which also involves technology. Pakistan has the opportunity to learn from Chinese Bee Keeping practices to increase its Yield.
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